Gum SurgeryMontclair, NJ
Gum surgery, also known as periodontal surgery, is often necessary to treat a variety of conditions. There are various types of gum surgery. However, most gum surgery options can help treat severe periodontal diseases.
Gum surgery is available at Montclair Dental Spa in Montclair and the surrounding area. By restoring your oral health, we can help restore your overall health. Call us today at 201-464-2630 to schedule an appointment or to learn more about our services.
Understanding Gum Surgery
Many cases of gum disease can be solved without surgery. For example, it is possible to reverse gingivitis with professional treatment or improved oral hygiene in its early stages. However, if left untreated, it will inevitably progress to periodontitis, a more severe disease that can lead to an inflammatory response that attacks bone and tissues. Gums will begin separating from the teeth, which will create pockets that may trap bacteria and lead to infection.
The term gum surgery refers to any surgical procedure meant to treat gum conditions and diseases. The two listed above, gingivitis and periodontitis, are some of the most common periodontal conditions. By eliminating bacteria and infection, gum surgery aims to stop periodontal disease and treat its damaging effects. Gum surgery can also prevent tooth loss, reduce gum gaps between teeth, regrow damaged bones and tissues, and reshape the jaw bone.
Types of Gum Surgery
Dentists determine what kind of gum surgery a patient needs depending on the type of gum disease they have and how severe it is. Patients who require gum surgery may undergo bone grafting, flap surgery, guided tissue regeneration, or tissue grafting. It is not uncommon for deep scaling or root planing to precede any of these surgeries. Deep scaling removes bacteria and tartar from the teeth and gums, while root planing smoothes the surfaces of the tooth roots. The two procedures often occur at the same time.
Bone grafting is often necessary when the bone surrounding the tooth root has been damaged or destroyed. Flap surgery is most beneficial for those with deep pockets that have collected tartar deposits. Guided tissue regeneration focuses on preventing gums from overtaking space meant for bone. Tissue grafting often reverses gum recession, which can eventually lead to exposed tooth roots, leaving them vulnerable to infection.
Ideal Candidates for Gum Surgery
Most anyone is a good candidate for gum surgery, provided that they are in good overall health despite suffering from severe or advanced disease around the gums and tissues. Telltale signs of gum disease include:
- Bad breath
- Deep pockets forming between the gums and teeth
- Gums that are bleeding, red, or swollen
- Gums that recede or pull away from the teeth
- Loose teeth
- Pain while chewing
Only a dentist can determine candidacy for gum surgery. As such, patients should contact their dentist as soon as they suspect they are experiencing gum disease symptoms. It is also essential to keep regular dental checkups, since it is not uncommon for gum disease to go unnoticed until it progresses to advanced stages. Once in our dental spa, patients should also be forthcoming about their medical history and current condition to reduce the risk of any complications.
What to Expect from Gum Surgery
Most gum surgeries are completed within two hours. The patient may need to be asleep or partially asleep during the treatment, depending on the procedure. However, less involved surgeries may make do with only an injection of a local anesthetic to numb the gums. Once the dentist has made any necessary small incisions or cuts along the gum line, they will lift the gums to see the tooth roots. The dentist will then clean the teeth, removing any tartar, plaque, or infection. Any further surgeries will follow this deep cleaning.
As established earlier, there are four main types of gum surgery: bone grafting, flap surgery, guided tissue regeneration, and tissue grafting. Bone grafting involves replacing the damaged bone with new bone. In flap surgery, the dentist lifts the gums from the teeth to remove tartar buildup before stitching them into place. A guided tissue regeneration entails placing a small, mesh-like material between the patient’s bone and gum tissue. Finally, tissue grafting typically involves removing tissue from one part of the body and reattaching it to the area where the gum has receded.
Call Us Today
Healthier gums are a necessary part of a healthier life. We at Montclair Dental Spa may be able to help. Call us today at 201-464-2630 to schedule an appointment or to learn more about our services.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is it like to prepare for gum surgery?
Before you have gum surgery, you must undergo a pre-operative exam to ensure the procedure will be safe for you. This typically involves a comprehensive review of your entire medical history and examining your teeth, mouth, and jaw. The dentist will also check for any abscesses, infections, or other lesions that could complicate healing. You will also have a brief discussion about the procedure’s risks and benefits and choose whether to give consent to proceed.
What is it like to recover from gum surgery?
The answer depends on your specific case (the type of procedure you underwent, how severe your condition is or was, and your overall health all contribute). It is common to experience some minor bleeding and discomfort after any dental surgery. Still, you should be able to return to various normal activities about a day after the procedure.
Is there anything I can do to speed up my recovery?
Avoid smoking for as long as possible. Quit if you can. We may prescribe you with some mouth rinses or antibiotics, and you may need to refrain from brushing or flossing in some regions of the mouth until they have fully healed. Eating soft foods for a week or two can also help ease any discomfort.
Do I really need gum surgery?
Sometimes, alternative treatment methods are not enough. Gum surgery can help reduce the risk of cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and osteoporosis while also treating oral health. We understand that many people are anxious about having surgery. We will never recommend surgery unless we believe the benefits outweigh the risks.
What can I do to prevent gum disease?
Gum disease is usually caused by an excess of bacteria, plaque, and tartar. As such, good oral hygiene is the number one line of defense against gum disease. Brush your teeth at least twice daily, floss once daily, and rinse with a fluoridated mouthwash. Remember to keep regular appointments with your dentist, as gum disease signs are often unnoticeable to the average patient.
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